Wednesday, 29 June 2016

In his speech at Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit in Tashkent, Afghan President Dr Ashraf Ghani says Afghanistan is fast transforming into a regional hub of cooperation

President Karimov, heads of states and governments, and international organizations, Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen!

Our context is one of constant change that is multi-dimensional and threatens stability but also they are changes that enhance stability and cooperation. I would like to briefly differentiate between creative change that enables us to cooperate, and destructive change that is a threat to our way of life, to our values and to our ability to cooperate. As part of the creative change, one of the greatest transformations in human history is the emergence of the Euro-Asian continental economy, and the Shanghai cooperation organization represents this future, which would be irreversible.

Around this table are sitting leaders who are shaping the 21st century and their impact, your impact will affect every citizen of the world. In this, the second point of the creative change is this spirit of Shanghai. I want to congratulate the founding members of the Shanghai cooperation organization on leading and managing gradual but systematic change – a change that has always had results, that has moved from solving the problems of fifteen years ago, to tackling the problems of today, with this period of mutual understanding and the stability which leadership of Central Asia has brought, confronting difficult changes. Central Asian leaders have brought a stable framework to their people and we congratulate them on overcoming those threats because the stability that they have created both gives us hope and provides the possibility of cooperation.
Our greatest common project is the revival of the silk-roads, the one built one road, but silk-road was not one road. It was many roads sub-zoned under a single name and we in Afghanistan particularly look upon ourselves as the place the roundabout that connected Central and South Asia and Middle East. So, we welcome every step that is being taken for realization of the Silk-Roads.

Second part of change is the destructive change; I would argue that we are confronting the fifth wave of political violence; extremism and terrorism are manifestations of a much broader phenomenon; the previous four waves started with anarchism, and we need to understand this destructive wave that threatens everything about stable relationships, about values of cooperation, about dialogue between cultures and civilizations, and calls into question. If we do not grasp it in its entire complexity, our solutions will be partial and subject to lack of success or partial success.

Equally, it is important to understand the scale, scope and intensity of this fifth wave. The wave is not going to unfortunately leave any of us alone. Related to this wave is its embedding and deep criminal economy; the narcotics economy is one component of this, but there is a deep criminal economy that threatens our common peace and stability. With this background, let me focus on Afghanistan, first to thank you all for your attention and for your valuable comments.

Afghanistan has two sides; one is the potential; the other is the threat. In terms of potential, we are fast transforming ourselves into a regional hub of cooperation. I would like to thank Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, India and Iran for being such wonderful partners in the process of transformation that we have taken. Since Ufa, regional cooperation has moved forward and the intensification of this regional cooperation is renewed hope among our people and confidence in our future.

All our neighbors, we would like to thank Russia and our other neighbors for engaging with us very productively; all people and organizations around this table are our partners in prosperity and stability, but the threat, first what we need is a correct definition of the problem; the war in Afghanistan is not a civil war; forces of terrorism that have converged on our country need to be defined correctly. There is no political framework in history that makes a nationally elected government deal with destructive individuals and organizations whose agenda is overturning of regional and global cooperation.

Secondly, these organizations have support or tolerance; the responsibility of all states to fulfill their obligation in not differentiating between good and bad terrorism is essential. States that differentiate between good and bad terrorism will pay the price and will suffer. So it is important, I think, that instead of involving, engaging in an environment of destructive debate, we agree on a common framework.

We invite all members of the Shanghai Cooperation to join forces with us in defining the problem, bringing consensus in the intelligence community, the security community and the political community as to what are the dimensions.

Levels of action are four-fold, national, global, Islamic and regional. And at the regional level what is extremely important is to agree on common mechanisms of cooperation, common mechanism of verification and tackling of actors that support this.

In conclusion, let me express our deep thanks to the people of Uzbekistan, to the people of Tashkent and to you President Karimov for being such a marvelous host and for the excellent arrangement and chairmanship.

Tuesday, 28 June 2016

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Friday, 24 June 2016

Afghanistan to open a specialized anti-corruption justice center

Amid hope and desperation over the government's previous counter-corruption policies, the presidential palace announced that the Specialized Anti-Corruption Justice Center is to open within a week. The center will investigate corruption at the highest levels of government. This will include ministers, governors, deputy ministers and other high ranking officials alleged to be involved in corrupt practices. Afghanistan's Attorney General Farid Hamidi will be the chairman of the center. Hamidi met with Afghan president Ashraf Ghani and CEO Abdullah Abdullah on Thursday 23 of June. They discussed the ongoing efforts to make the center operational. "The Center will process all cases related to high ranking officials including ministers, governors, deputies and previous institutions that failed in combating corruption," deputy presidential spokesman Dawa Khan Menapal said. The Center will be mandated to act swiftly whenever and where-ever corruption is suspected. It will have the authority to by-pass bureaucracy. Its officials will then probe and finalize cases and also conclude legal and judicial proceedings without delay. The Center is to have its own police investigators, prosecutors and judges. "There is a need for an environment which prevents illegal attempts at influencing the attorney general or the chief justice. Where such an environment exists, as in such centers elsewhere in the world, it will prove to be effective in Afghanistan too,"  said Abdul Aziz Aryayee, head of The Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee.


Afghanistan to increase export to Russia

The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan will export nearly 300,000 tons of fresh vegetables and fruits to Russian Federation as Moscow has applied customs duty exemption on Afghan products.
"There are some main issues, including transit, process and marketing for Afghan products. If government pays attention to these issues and work through a professional process, we can export our goods to Russia and from Russian markets to other countries," said an Afghan economic analyst.

V Afghanistane nelegal'no postupayet do 1,800,000 tonn topliva v god

Po otsenkam Agentstva Natsional'nykh Standartov Afghanistana (ANSA), v stranu yezhegodno vvozitsya 1,2 mln. topliva ofitsial'no i yeshcho 1.8 mln. tonn - kontrabandoy. Kak rasskazal na press-konferentsii glava vedomstva, v nastoyashcheye vremya v prigranichnykh torgovykh portakh Afganistana zarabotali laboratorii po proverke kachestva topliva, posle chego 2,2 mln. litrov topliva byli zapreshchenny k vvozu v stranu. On takzhe podcherknul, chto vystupayet protiv mafii i kontrabandy. V to zhe vremya vedomstvo ne mozhet kontrolirovat' kachestvo topliva, provezonnogo v stranu kontrabandoy, a yego kolichestvo sostavlyayet boleye 50%, dobavil vysokopostavlennyy chinovnik. Po yego otsenkam, yesli by kontrabandu udalos likvidirovat', afghanskiy byudzhet poluchil by do USD 500,000,000 tamozhennykh poshlin v god. Iz-za nizkokachestvennogo topliva, postupayushchego v osnovnom iz Irana, nad afganskoy stolitsey neredko mozhno nablyudat' smog, krayne vrednyy dlya dykhatel'nykh organov prozhivayushchikh v strane zhiteley, a takzhe privodyashchiy k ekologicheskomu zagryazneniyu okrestnykh territoriy.

Wednesday, 22 June 2016

Gulbuddin Hekmatyar puts three main conditions for reaching peace with the Government of Afghanistan

Hekmatyar’s last chance for peace
Written by Heart of Asia, Wednesday, 22 June 2016  
http://www.heartofasia.af/index.php/editorial/item/1599-hekmatyar-s-last-chance-for-peace
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
founder of Hezb-i-Islami
The Hizb-i-Islami Gulbuddin (HIG) Party has reportedly set new conditions for peace agreement with the Afghan government. Quoting an Afghan official involved in peace talks with the militant group, the Associated Press reported that the party’s leader, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, has announced three new conditions for striking a peace deal with the government. According to the official, the new conditions are abrogation of the Afghan-US Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA), a timetable for the withdrawal of international troops, and the signing of the timetable by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in lieu of the National Unity Government (NUG). If confirmed, Hekmatyar’s new demands correspond to those of the Taliban, who have also long requested the departure of all foreign troops from Afghanistan as a precondition for peace parleys, while international troops use the insurgent activities as a justification for their presence in the country. This means both sides justify the war because of each other -- the activities of HIG and the Taliban give ground for the presence of foreign troops in Afghanistan, who, as a response, continue to prolong their Afghan mission for that very reason. Hopes were high about the success of peace negotiations with HIG; however, the new demands can easily dash them. It was widely expected that the Afghan government would soon ink a peace pact with HIG. Although the group doesn’t have a discernable impact on the battlefields, its reconciliation with the government undoubtedly has some benefits. On the one hand, a militant group, howsoever strong it is, would defect to the government, but on the other hand it will encourage other rebel groups to trust the peace process, and draw a conclusion that they can reach their lawful goals in Afghanistan without pursuing violence. Most importantly, it will make the people believe in the government’s will and intentions. The ongoing peace process with HIG, who now has an imperceptible military presence, or pales militarily compared to the main anti-government militant group, the Taliban, is a great window for the group to embrace. Hekmatyar should understand that he can never accomplish his agenda in Afghanistan through his existing resources and fighters. Therefore, the only and the best option for him that can guarantee his and his party’s future is to reach a peace deal with the government. Given Hekmatyar’s repeated withdrawal from peace talks, and the status quo, it may be his last chance for reconciliation with the Afghan government.

Tuesday, 21 June 2016

Willing to invest in Afghanistan?

Here is a 5 minutes informative animated video 
describing the demographic and economic profile, 
infrastructure, incentives and sectors 
for investing in Afghanistan.

Министерство сельского хозяйства Афганистана построит завод по обработке соевых бобов в Кабуле

Представители министерства сельского хозяйства Афганистана объявили о намерении построить в стране завод по обработке соевых бобов. Ранее правительство Южной Кореи объявило, что выделит 5,000,000 долларов США для строительства такого промышленного комплекса в Кабуле. В частности, завод сможет производить до трёх видов соевого молока.

Afghan-German vocalist Simin Tander tour in North America to end in Montreal on July 3

Afghan-German vocalist, Simin Tander joined Norwegian pianist and bandleader Tord Gustavsen with his long-time confrère drummer Jarle Vespestad, on a North American tour in support of their ECM release “What was said.”
Tander sings Pashto translations of Norwegian lyrics with an elegant yet mysterious delivery.

Here are the dates with links to pages with full information on the last three concerts:

Afghanistan introduces a standard certification mark to identify quality domestic products

The Afghanistan National Standards Authority (ANSA) introduced for the first time a standard certification mark to identify quality domestic products. 
During a press conference held on Monday, June 20, the Head of ANSA, Dr Naqibullah Faiq, said that the certification mark would be used for all high quality domestic products.

“Products of low quality would not be marked. And, there would be no compromises made and no pressure or any favoritism would be accepted,”  said the Head of ANSA. He also underlined that a product passing the standard quality would easily enter international markets and not be rejected.

The European Union's special envoy to Afghanistan has expressed frustration over illegal mining in Afghanistan

The majority of the minerals that are
extracted illegally in Afghanistan,
are then smuggled by ISIS and Taliban
 with the support of their Pakistani patrons
The European Union's (EU) special envoy to Afghanistan, Franz-Michael Mellbin, said that Afghanistan loses nearly USD 100 million per year through illegal mining. "I am a little careful with numbers here, because just like when you talk numbers in the drug industry, you know there is one price the farmer gets and there is a different price at the street level. So you can calculate in different ways as these things progress towards the value change, but if we focus on the loss for the Afghan government and the state and such, we believe its foreign access of a USD 100 million per year. Already at the current level and this is a very conservative estimate," the EU envoy said. Meanwhile, monitoring group The Natural Resources Monitoring Network (NRMN) has said the illegal extraction of mines in the country will lead to a financial crisis for the country unless the government takes steps and stops the practice. "In economic perspectives, there are a lot of people and lawbreakers who gain through the illegal mining, but unfortunately it is the government of Afghanistan whose revenues are not even in scale of a single province," (NRMN) member Ibrahim Jaffar said. Natural resources which have significant impacts on the national economic development are now under serious threat of illegal extractions. The EU diplomat has said that the recommendations for the prevention of illegal extraction he submitted to the Afghan government weren't taken into consideration by the Afghan officials. "They are not implemented yet, there is weak legislation which needs to be changed, there is a monitoring system that also is not able to do the job and it will need also to crackdown on those who get away with impunity currently with illegal mining activities," he said. Meanwhile, President Ashraf Ghani's deputy spokesman has reacted to the EU envoy's statement in this respect. "The legal and judicial center is expected to start its job soon. The center is responsible to oversee those elements who attempt illegal mining or plundering the public assets. It is said that the illegal extraction of mines beside harming financial loses to national revenues also fuels the war economy of the armed opponents on the battlefields. Statistics reveal that the Afghan government so far has identified at least 1,400 locations in various regions containing various types of natural resources. Nevertheless, the Afghan government is hopeful that 50 percent of national revenues will be collected through natural resources by 2024. A US geological survey has estimated the total value of Afghanistan's natural resources to be one trillion dollars. Mining is an important economic activity which has the potential of contributing to the development of areas endowed with the resources.
>>> read original article

Sunday, 19 June 2016

Signed another contract for electricity transmission line from the northern Doshi to central Bamyan province of Afghanistan

A contract was signed for the transmission of 300 megawatt electricity line from the northern Doshi to central Bamyan province. The contract was signed in the presence of President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in ARG Presidential Palace today June 19,2016. The contract was signed by the representatives of Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) which will fund the construction work of the project. The Minister of Water and Energy Ali Ahmad Osmani said the transmission line of 220kV will be built from Doshi to Bamyan province which will have a capacity of 300 Megawatt. Osmani further added that the construction work of the transmission line will begin next and the estimated completion date of the project is December 2019. The signing of the contract for the transmission line of 300 Megawatt electricity from Doshi to Bamyan province comes as a vast demonstration was orgnaized in capital Kabul last month as the demonstration participants accused the government for changing the route of the 500kV TUTAP project from Bamyan to Salang province. However, a commission was formed following the massive protest in Kabul to review change of the route of the project. President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani issued a decree following the conclusion of a review commission to study the route for the 500kV transmission line late in May. The presidential decree stated that a 220kW double circuit power line will be transmitted from from Doshi to the central provinces to transmit 300 megawatt of electricity that would be enough for the entire central provinces. The decree further stated that the power 220kV power line should be executed to include the construction of a 220kV (double circuit) electricity network to transmit 300 megawatt of electricity from Doshi to center of Bamyan with the start of the project to be from the first of the month of June and should conclude in the solar year 1398.
>>> read original article

Friday, 17 June 2016

Former Afghan president Karzai: Pakistan can't tolerate increasing India-Afghan friendly ties

Former Afghan president Hamid Karzai said Pakistan does not want good relations between India and Afghanistan and wants "no bilateral trade and no access to Central Asia for India" which is unacceptable for Afghanistan. In an interview with BBC Urdu yesterday June 16, Karzai claimed that India is helping Afghanistan build its infrastructure and health facilities and has "filled Afghanistan with money despite being a poor country". "India wants to truly befriend Afghanistan and we want Pakistan to do the same," said the former Afghan president.
Related: Afghanistan, India inaugurate Friendship Dam
He said Pakistan should also become a part of the regional coalition between Afghanistan, India and Iran, but "Pakistan's condition is that Afghanistan should not have contacts with India." "If this issue is resolved, our relations with Pakistan will improve rapidly," Karzai told BBC.
Also Read: Made by India: Modi to inaugurate new Afghan parliament building
Result of British imperialism
Terming the formation of Durand Line a 'result of British imperialism' in the region, Karzai said that Afghanistan has never accepted this border since 1893, nor will they ever accept it in future. "When Pakistan came into being in 1947, they received it this way, so we are not blaming them but Durand Line is a blow which no Afghan can ever forget. We do not accept this border but will not fight over this issue," said Karzai. He stressed that Afghanistan is a sovereign country and is not taking dictation from any other country but "Pakistan government has taken some steps on Durand Line which are angering Afghans". When asked as to why Afghanistan does not approach UN or International Court of Justice over the Durand Line issue, Karzai said it is not an international issue but 'inheritance of imperialsm' and only the respective governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan can resolve this matter.
Related: Redrawing of Durand Line to be catastrophic
Menace of terrorism
He maintained that terrorism and extremism is a menace which has not only affected people of both Pakistan and Afghanistan but added that "we (Afghans) think they have found safe havens and are getting aid from Pakistan." "When this will stop, Pakistan too will see peace," said Karzai, who ruled Afghanistan from 2004 to 2014.
Related: Pakistan urges Afghanistan to 'put their house in order' to improve security
Two-point solution
He provided a two point solution to end hostility between Pakistan and Afghanistan:
1) Both the countries jointly fight terrorism and make serious efforts for its elimination, this will bring peace to both of the countries.
2) Pakistan should accept that Afghanistan is a sovereign country and should respect it and stop dictating us about friendship with India. We will not back down on that.
Related: Ghani reassures India over relationship

Жители афганской провинции Кунар требуют от правительства построить новую ГЭС

Kunar river in the Kunar valley
Жители провинции Кунар после передачи ГЭС Салма под юрисдикцию афганского правительства потребовали построить новую ГЭС на реке Кунар. По словам жителей, строительство ГЭС позволило бы сделать орошаемыми многие гектары сельхозугодий, а также защитить ряд районов от разрушительных наводнений и обеспечить электроснабжение домов. Согласно техническим исследованиям, ГЭС, построенная в районе Асмар уезда Шал смогла бы вырабатывать до 796 МВт электроэнергии, а в районе Сара Так — до 1000 МВт. Соответствующие документы уже были переданы в министерство энергетики и водоснабжения, заявил глава департамента электроснабжения.
Президент Ашраф Гани заявил, что строительство большой ГЭС на реке Кунар может начаться уже в ближайшем будущем.

The key role of Italy in the infrastructure sector of Afghanistan

The Italian Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, H.E. Roberto Cantone, has reportedly said that the Government of Italy would provide USD 45 million to support completion of the Afghan section of the railway connecting Herat Province to Iranian rail networks.

Thursday, 16 June 2016

Afghan government signed another contract for the construction of a dam

The contract for the construction of Dam, Bakhshabad Dam in western Farah province of AFghanistan, was signed at the Presidential Palace yesterday in the presence of President Ashraf Ghani. The Minister of Energy and Water Ahmad Osmani said the reservoir of the Dam will have a capacity 1,360 million cubic meter and the construction work will be completed in 18 months. He said the Dam will irrigate more than 100 hectares of agricultural land with the provincial governor Mohammad Asif Nang saying the irrigation will cover five districts and the center of Farah province. This comes as Afghanistan earlier signed a contract with a Turkish company for the extension of Kajaki Dam located in southern Helmand province of Afghanistan. The signing of the contract for Bakhshabad Dam in Farah province comes as said earlier in March that work on key infrastructure projects, including construction of water dams, will start in accordance with the available resources. During a meeting of the National Procurement Commission (NPC), President Ghani reviewed a report by the Ministry of Energy and Water regarding the construction of 29 large, medium and small water dams.
>>> read original article

Afghanistan targeting to produce 70 tons of saffron per year

The Government of Afghanistan announced the implementation of a five-year plan to support the cultivation of saffron with the aim to increase the production of Afghan saffron at least three times. According to the new plan, the production will increase from 3,7 to 14 tons per year. Last year, saffron grown in 22 of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. According to a recently carried out study, Afghanistan could produce up to 70 tons of saffron per year. Afghan saffron is recognized as the best in the world; the climate of many areas of the country is ideal for the cultivation of this spice. Furthermore, crocus stamens which are collected to produce saffron, bloom in early spring and don't require irrigation during all the summer season.

Tuesday, 14 June 2016

A new railway project kicked off in Herat province of Afghanistan

The Press Office of the Governor of Herat has announced that the Province has started working on the technical and economic studies of the Herat-Torghondi railway.  The Governor of Herat, Mr Asif Rahimi, said that this railway project is extremely important for the export of Afghan products in the markets of neighboring countries, and can play a crucial role in the economic development of the country. The Minister of Public Works of Afghanistan, Mr Mahmoud Baligh, said the the railway would form part of the Lapis Lazuli Route, a proposed trade corridor linking Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey and Europe, supporting ambitions for Afghanistan to become a regional transport hub. ‘We have to develop the railway network to reach major economic powers’, said Minister Baligh, adding that this would support economic growth and help to increase domestic revenues. The preparation of the studies was assigned to the Canadian consulting firm CANARAIL which operates in Afghanistan along with Appleton Consulting Inc. (ACI), an international business consulting company that focuses on enabling business solutions for emerging and developing market sectors. On April 5 2016 has been signed to this effect a contract for an amount of approximately USD 1.6 million between CANARAIL and the Ministry of Public Works of Afghanistan. The total length of the railway is about 200 kilometers.

Sunday, 12 June 2016

Given GREEN LIGHT to begin construction works of Bamyan Cultural Center

The Minister of Urban Development Affairs of Afghanistan, Mr Mansoor Naderi, inaugurated the construction of Bamyan Cultural Center along with representatives of UNESCO and the Embassy of South Korea. Bamyan could turn into a vital tourism and economic hub in the country due to cultural heritage which is of great importance to Afghanistan and the world, specifically for UNESCO. The construction of the Cultural Center in Bamyan is one of the most important projets of UNESCO. An international competition was organized in 2014 for the design of the Cultural Center. Among more than 1,000 design firms from 118 countries, was selected an Argentina-based company. The Cultural Center will have an exhibition hall, auditorium, separate rooms for workshops and classes, tea room and shopping centers. The Cultural Center could help in public awareness regarding the culture and arts of Bamyan besides it could become a research center, education center for the youth, a recreational area for the public, and a place to boost the local economy. The project will be implemented by the UNESCO and the funding for two phases will be granted by South Korea, while the third phase of the project will be funded by the Ministry of Urban Development Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

L'Italia nel settore infrastrutturale dell'Afghanistan

Il Ministro degli Affari Esteri Gentiloni
durante la sua recente visita in Afghanistan
La presenza della Cooperazione Italiana nel settore infrastrutturale dell’Afghanistan inizia quasi immediatamente dopo la caduta del regime Talebano. Nel 2002 viene concordato, assieme alle autorità dell’allora Governo Provvisorio guidato da Hamid Karzai, l’intervento prioritario della connessione tra Kabul e Bamyan. Si tratta di un’opera di grande valore economico, ma anche politico e simbolico dato che collega al resto del Paese le aree interne abitate dagli Hazara, popolazione che aveva duramente risentito della invasione del suo territorio da parte dei Talebani e che sin dalla fine del 2001 costituisce una delle componenti principali del Governo. Tra il 2003 e il 2008, la presenza italiana si concentra sulla realizzazione della strada Maidan Shar-Bamyan (Maidan Shar e’ un villaggio a 30 km da Kabul, posto sulla ring road afghana). Per realizzare il percorso di 136 km viene prima lanciato un programma di manutenzione stradale speciale (cosiddetto progetto MABARUP) e poi due progetti di riabilitazione: il primo (REMABAR 1) approvato nel 2003 ma effettivamente avviato nel 2006 (primi 54 km) e il secondo (REMABAR 2, per i rimanenti 82 km) approvato all’inizio del 2008. Il progetto REMABAR vede fin dall’inizio la presenza di UNOPS in qualità di implementing consultant del Ministero dei Lavori Pubblici dell'Afghanistan (MoPW). Viene costituita una Project Management Unit (PMU) di progetto, presso il MoPW. Questa struttura, composta di personale dello stesso MoPW, assistita da UNOPS, controlla le attività delle due società realizzatrici (una società di ingegneria che fornisce i servizi di progettazione e supervisione dei lavori, e una società di costruzioni che realizza le opere) e provvede ad approvare gli Interim Payment Certificates (IPCs, l’equivalente dei SAL-Stato Avanzamento Lavori) che vengono poi firmati dal MoPW ed inviati al Ministero delle Finanze (MoF) per il saldo. Nel 2008, le attività iniziano a differenziarsi: si attiva un primo contributo al programma nazionale di accessibilità rurale (National Rural Access Roads -NRAP) per la realizzazione di una strada di 27 km a sud di Kabul, nella zona denominata “Valle di Musahi”. Il NRAP rappresenta uno dei principali strumenti finanziari utilizzati da vari donatori per il rafforzamento del settore stradale in Afghanistan. Il progetto italiano è realizzato con un contributo ad UNOPS di circa 3 milioni di Euro. UNOPS riveste il ruolo di implementing partner del NRAP, nel senso che l’intervento è concordato nel piano di lavoro del MoPW ma la stazione appaltante delle gare è UNOPS stessa. Questo progetto si conclude nel 2010 con la realizzazione dell’intero tracciato e viene chiuso ufficialmente nel 2011 alla fine del periodo di garanzia sui lavori. A partire dal 2009, l’attenzione della DGCS si focalizza sulla Provincia di Herat e sull’area occidentale del Paese in generale. Nel giugno 2010 viene approvato un nuovo contributo ad UNOPS per la realizzazione di strade di secondo livello (distrettuali) nella regione ovest dell'Afghanistan. Dopo un confronto con il MoPW / NRAP e con le autorità provinciali, i fondi sono destinati alla realizzazione di due strade nel distretto di Shindand, della lunghezza rispettivamente di 12 km (Shindand - Azizabad) e di 24 km (da Shindand a Khoja Oria). Nell’ottobre del 2011, il Comitato Direzionale approva un secondo contributo ad UNOPS per la realizzazione di interventi nel quadro del NRAP nella regione occidentale. Il relativo piano di lavoro è stato approvato dalla Direzione Generale per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo (DGCS) nel febbraio del 2012 e prevede una serie di interventi a Shindand ed Herat. Nel luglio 2011, il Comitato Direzionale ha approvato anche una iniziativa bilaterale, sempre a sostegno del NRAP e nella regione occidentale. In questo caso, la Project Implementation Unit (PIU) del NRAP / MoPW ha presentato un piano di lavoro nel novembre 2011, proponendo la realizzazione della tangenziale esterna della città di Herat, un percorso di circa 50 km che collega la strada per l’Iran (sulla quale si svolge un intenso traffico pesante) con la ring road (HW1) all’altezza dell’aeroporto e della zona industriale di Herat, collocati in località Guzara, circa 15 km a sud del centro urbano. Il corridoio con l’Iran rappresenta una delle principali vie di approvvigionamento dell’Afghanistan alla luce delle ben note problematiche che investono il Pakistan (strada per Jalalabad). Rispetto a quest’ultimo intervento, in cui l’ente implementatore e stazione appaltante era il MoPW, UNOPS ha fornito servizi di assistenza tecnica in qualità di implementing consultant, anche con la finalità di rafforzare le capacità tecniche e gestionali del MoPW stesso. Si tratta quindi di un insieme complesso di interventi che vedono REMABAR 1 e REMABAR 2, il sostegno al NRAP attraverso UNOPS (strade di Shindand) e il sostegno al NRAP in bilaterale (tangenziale di Herat), per un importo complessivo di circa 130 milioni di Euro; inoltre la programmazione ha previsto un’ulteriore somma di 13 milioni di Euro per il 2012 che e’ stata impegnata per progetti di diverso tipo. Questo insieme di iniziative è stato gestito dalla DGCS grazie ai servizi specialistici forniti da UNOPS (presente, in qualità di partner o di consultant, in tutte le iniziative) e attraverso un fondo esperti, con un collegato fondo in loco, per le attività di sostegno al MoPW; monitoraggio delle procedure e delle realizzazioni, valutazione delle modifiche e delle varianti dei lavori; verifica della puntuale applicazione degli accordi (siano essi tra governi, per le iniziative bilaterali, o con il sistema onusiano, per i multilaterali). Il progetto di riferimento per seguire le attività in corso da parte della DGCS è stato REMABAR 1 che era dotato di un fondo esperti e di un fondo in loco. Questa iniziativa è terminata dopo il termine del periodo di garanzia sui lavori. Inoltre, recentemente, è stata approvata la realizzazione di due nuovi progetti che potranno essere realizzati a breve grazie alla concessione di un credito italiano d’aiuto all’Afghanistan: il rafforzamento ed ammodernamento dell’aeroporto di Herat per renderlo adeguato agli standard ICAO e poterlo quindi aprire al traffico internazionale, e la realizzazione dei lavori di riabilitazione della strada Herat-Chishti Sharif, circa 170 chilometri di percorso che costituisce la parte ovest del corridoio di attraversamento del Paese. Per quanto concerne la strada Herat-Chisti Sharif, si prevede la pubblicazione del bando di gara (da parte del MoPW) al termine del Ramadan, nella prima decade del mese di luglio 2016. In tale modo, la prima parte del corridoio Est-Ovest sarà completata, mentre sulle restanti parti sono in programma finanziamenti del governo giapponese.

Friday, 10 June 2016

Afghanistan's current situation is bringing Afghan politicians to consider a strategic cooperation agreement with Russia

Tekushchaya situatsiya v Afghanistane posluzhila prichinoy rosta zainteresovannosti politicheskikh krugov strany v vozvrashchenii Rossii, zayavil rossiyskiy Senator Igor Morozov. Kommentariy ot senatora (zamestitelya Mezhparlamentskoy gruppy po sotrudnichestvu Soveta Federatsii s National'noy Assambleyey Afghanistana), stalo otklikom na obsuzhdeniye v Afghanistane vozmozhnosti podpisaniya soglasheniya o strategicheskom partnerstve s RF. V chastnosti, nadezhdu na to, chto zaklyucheniye sootvetstvuyushey dogovoronnosti mezhdu stranami posposobstvuyet vosstanovleniyu stabil'nosti v respublike, vyrazil na proshloy nedele afganskiy senator Mohammad Alam Izidyar. "Zayavleniye Izidyara govorit o tom, chto v afghanskom politicheskom obshchestve idut ochen' bol'shiye izmeneniya, svyazannyye s nadezhdoy vozvrashcheniya Rossii v Afghanistan, otmetil Morozov. Y sama zhizn' zastavlyayet i diktuyet podobnyye zayavleniya, poskol'ku Afghanistan razocharovan 15-letnim prebyvaniyem amerikanskikh voysk." Rossiyskiy parlamentariy napomnil o nereshonnosti imeyushchikhsya problem bezopasnosti, takikh, kak narkoticheskaya ugroza, prevrativshayasya v 'glavnyy bich ekonomiki', i vysokiy uroven aktivnosti boyevikov. "Taliby prevratilis' v ochen' ser'yeznuyu ne tol'ko voyennuyu silu, no i politicheskuyu, poskol'ku na svoikh territoriyakh oni formiruyut organy upravleniya i neploho spravlyayutsya s etimi zadachami", govoryl senator Morozov. Zainteresovannost' afghanskogo rukovodstva v vozvrashchenii Rossii senator okharakterizoval kak ser'yeznyy signal dlya Moskvy, poskol'ku ot obstanovki v Afghanistane zavisit bezopasnost' vsego regiona. "Chtoby obespechit' etu bezopasnost', osobenno na severe Afghanistana, na granitse so stranami SNG, my dolzhny vkhodit' v Afghanistan, no vkhodit' ne voyennoy siloy, a s ekonomicheskimi proyektami", otmetil Igor Morozov. V kachestve perspektivnykh napravleniy dlya sotrudnichestva s Afghanistanom parlamentariy upomyanul sfery infrastruktury, energetiki i mashinostroyeniya, v chastnosti, postavok i obsluzhivaniya sel'skokhozyaystvennoy tekhniki i yedinits transporta. Senator Morozov dobavil, chto Rossii sleduyet rasshiryat' deyatel'nost' na afghanskom napravlenii v tom chisle i "s pomoshch'yu myagkhoy sily", chemu blagopriyatstvuyet prisutstviye v Afghanistane znachitel'nogo chisla vypusknikov sovetskikh i rossiyskikh vuzov; engineerov, intelligentsii, politicheskikh deyateley. V kachestve instrumenta myagkoy sily parlamentar prizval ispol'zovat' nedavno postroyennyy Rossiyskiy centr nauki i kul'tury v Kabule. Morozov vyrazil nadezhdu na to, chto v blizhaysheye vremya dannaya organizatsiya nachnot svoyu rabotu, sposobstvuya dal'neyshemu ukrepleniyu rossiysko-afghanskikh svyazey.

Thursday, 9 June 2016

Links to renewable energy projects in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

​Bamyan 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-07-BAM):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-bamyan

Ghor 5 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-08-GHO):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-5-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-ghor


Helmand 3 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-09-HEL):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-3-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-helmand
Herat 14 MW Wind Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-10-HER):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-14-mw-wind-power-project-in-herat

Urozgan 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-20-URO):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-urozgan

Daikundi 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-22-DAI):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-daikundi

Badghis 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-23-BAD):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-badghis

Zabul 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-24-ZAB):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-zabul

Paktia 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-25-PAK):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-paktia

Lagar 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-26-LOG):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-logar

Khost 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-27-KHO):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-khost

Ghazni 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-28-GHA):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-ghazni

Farah 1 MW Solar Project (RFP No: MEW-REN-30-FAR):
http://mew.gov.af/en/tender/design-finance-build-own-commission-operate-total-of-1-mwp-solar-pv-power-system-in-farah

Есть огромная надежда, что турецкая компания сделает чудо, благодаря которому сможет выполнять работу

Министерство энергетики и водоснабжения Афганистана подписало меморандум о взаимопонимании по вопросу модернизации ГЭС "Каджаки" с турецкой компанией которая, вероятно, не обладает технические и организационные требования для выполнения работы.
По словам министра Г-н Али Ахмада Османи, после завершения работ по этому проекту ГЭС "Каджаки" сможет вырабатывать до 150 МВт электроэнергии против текущих 33. Этот показатель больше, чем у ГЭС "Салма" в провинции Герат, цитирует его слова Национальное TV ИРА. ГЭС "Каджаки" располагается на реке Гельманд в 160 км от Кандагара и выполняет функции как энергоснабжения близлежащих районов, так и ирригации сельхозугодий. В ходе модернизации, объём водохранилища ГЭС предполагается увеличить до 1млрд кубометров воды.

Wednesday, 8 June 2016

Produzione dell’Olio d’Oliva in Afghanistan

La Cooperazione Italiana è impegnata da alcuni anni ad insegnare la produzione dell’olio d’oliva in Afghanistan. Grazie al progetto “Promozione della Produzione e della Commercializzazione dell’Olio d’Oliva”, finanziato dal Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale, è stato possibile formare giovani agricoltori afghani e realizzare frantoi e impianti oleari per la trasformazione delle olive. In Afghanistan, l’olio d’oliva è diventato abitudine in molte aree ed è apprezzato sia come alimento che come cosmetico. Attraverso ONG afghane, è stato possibile creare associazioni di agricoltori locali e preparare un piano nazionale per lo sviluppo del settore dell’olio d’oliva. Gli obiettivi principali di “Promozione della Produzione e della Commercializzazione dell’Olio d’Oliva” sono proprio quelli di aumentare la produzione nazionale di olio di oliva e diminuire la sua importazione da paesi terzi (soprattutto dall'Iran); incoraggiare gli investimenti privati nelle infrastrutture rurali al fine di migliorare la competitività del settore agricolo; migliorare gli standard economici di vita degli agricoltori, e fornire opportunità di lavoro per le comunità locali. Tra le istituzioni che coordinano il progetto c'è l'Istituto Agronomico per l'Oltremare (IAO) di Firenze. Fondata nel 1904, IAO è la più antica istituzione italiana dedicata agli studi agrari degli ambienti tropicali e sub-tropicali ed all'attuazione di programmi di formazione e progetti di sviluppo rurale.

On October 2016 the European Union and the Afghan Government will co-host the 'Brussels Conference on Afghanistan'

On 4-5 October 2016, the European Union and the Government of Afghanistan will co-host the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan (BCA). This conference will gather up to 70 countries and 30 international organizations and agencies. It will provide a platform for the government of Afghanistan to set out its vision and track record on reform. For the international community, it will be the opportunity to signal sustained political and financial support to Afghan peace, state-building and development.

Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, High Representative Federica Mogherini and Neven Mimica, European Commissioner for Development Cooperation, will represent the European Union. President Dr Ashraf Ghani and CEO Dr Abdullah Abdullah will represent Afghanistan.

The conference is expected to focus on three levels:
  • joint international and Afghan efforts to increase the effectiveness of sustained international support and funding, on the basis of a new Afghan national development framework
  • Afghan reform efforts, including on economic reform, rule of law, improved public finance management and anti-corruption so as to ensure the provision of the most important services and public goods
  • regional efforts to support a political process towards peace and cross-border economic cooperation
Side events on women's empowerment and regional connectivity will take place on 4 October 2016. In addition, an EU-Afghanistan high level dialogue meeting on migration will be organised in the margins of the conference.

Background
Working in close partnership with the international community, the Afghan people have achieved significant progress in a wide range of areas over the past 14 years. However, important challenges still lie ahead. Enabling the Afghan people to shape their own future requires progress in several fields, including:
  • building the nascent democratic institutions and reaching out for peace
  • fostering the rule of law and human rights
  • returning to robust economic growth, creating jobs and reducing poverty
Strong Afghan leadership combined with continued international solidarity and support are needed to continue moving towards the objective of Afghan self-reliance.

In July 2012, at the Tokyo Conference, it was agreed that a series of ministerial-level meetings on Afghanistan would take place to support progress in the country. The Brussels Conference will be the second of these meetings, following the London Conference on Afghanistan which took place on 4 December 2014.
At the Tokyo Conference, in July 2012, the international community agreed on the Tokyo mutual accountability framework, to provide ongoing support for the development of Afghanistan against concrete progress in implementing Afghan reforms. The framework was updated in 2015 at a senior officials meeting, as the self-reliance through mutual accountability framework. The Brussels Conference will reconfirm this framework up until 2020, based on evidence of progress delivered on mutual commitments.

> Declaration from the Tokyo Conference on Afghanistan, 8 July 2012
> Communique from the London Conference on Afghanistan, 4 October 2014
> Self-reliance through mutual accountability framework, 5 September 2015

EU-Afghanistan relations
The EU has a long-term commitment to Afghanistan and the Afghan people. In June 2014, the Foreign Affairs Council agreed on a new strategy for Afghanistan until the end of 2016.

> EU-Afghanistan strategy

The Council last adopted conclusions on Afghanistan in October 2015 and May 2016.
> Council Conclusions on Afghanistan
> Council conclusions on Afghanistan, 26 October 2015

See also:

> EU relations with Afghanistan (EEAS)
> Multi-annual indicative programme 2014-2020

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Two new schools have been built in Northern Afghanistan for nearly 2000 children

The Afghan-German cooperation inaugurated and handed over two newly built schools in Northern provinces of Afghanistan Takhar and Kunduz to the local governments. The school in Takhar offers space to about 400 children in the area, while the one in Kunduz province is available to 1,400 students. Until now, classes were taking place in tents in an open area. Lessons were affected by the rain, cold, heat, wind and snow. The new schools provide an environment that allows children of the provinces to receive sound education which will prepare them properly for the future. The new school buildings consist of fully furnished classrooms, administrative rooms and water wells that offer healthy drinking water to students and teachers. Furthermore, a boundary wall encircles each school, ensuring safety to all students and teachers. The costs for the new schools amount to AFN 42 million with technical and financial support from the German government via the Stabilization Program for Northern Afghanistan (SPNA). The local District Development Assembly (DDA) and the Department of Education jointly decided to build these schools based on the District Development Plan (DDP). The program SPNA is funded by the German Federal Foreign Office, managed by the German KfW Development Bank and implemented by the Aga Khan Foundation in partnership with the French Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED).

Tuesday, 7 June 2016

В Афганистане собран большой урожай пшеницы

В текущем году в Афганистане был собран вдвое больший урожай пшеницы по сравнению с показателями прошедшего года. Это стало возможным благодаря обильным дождям и хорошему качеству посевного материала. Кроме того многие крестьяне, которые ещё в прошлом году сеяли опиумный мак, в текущем году перешли на выращивание пшеницы.

Turkish company signs MOU for extension of Kajaki Hydropower Dam in the southern Helmand Province of Afghanistan

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the Ministry of Energy and Water of Afghanistan and a Turkish construction company for the extension of Kajaki hydropower dam. The extension of dam would pave the way for the generation of 100 more megawatts of electricity in southern Helmand province. The Minister of Energy and Water said that 150 megawatts of electricity would be produced in total with the completion of extension works of the dam. The Minister further added that the reservoir capacity of the dam would also be expanded by billion cubic meter. This comes as the Afghan President said earlier in March that work on key infrastructure projects including construction of water dams will start in accordance with the available resources. During a meeting of the National Procurement Commission (NPC), President Ghani reviewed a report by the Ministry of Energy and Water regarding the construction of 29 large, medium and small water dams. The Ministry of Finance was given the task to take all necessary steps for the arrangement of funds for the said projects while the Ministry of Energy and Water was instructed to seek ways in attracting private sector investments as well for the implementation of the projects.
>>> learn more

Monday, 6 June 2016

Afghan Ministry of Agriculture to conduct nationwide insect pests & plant diseases survey

Afghanistan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock plans to launch a nationwide survey of existing plant pests and diseases and later find ways to preventing them. Deputy minister Mir Amanudin Haidari at the Stakeholder Planning Workshop of this survey said “we have many diseases in Afghanistan and they have cost us a lot even as a trade barrier. Some diseases have been transmitted to our county. Identification and creating database of such diseases are vitally important. It will enable us to prevent diseases like we had in melons of Takhar Province few years back.” Abdullah Wajidi, acting director of Afghanistan Agricultural Inputs Projects (AAIP) who is funding and coordinating this survey stated in his speech that ‘Nationwide Insect Pests and Plant Diseases Survey’ is a great and important part of AAIP. He further added that they will try and work hard with the implementing partner to conduct the survey more effectively. Center for Agricultural Biosciences International (CABI) is awarded to carry out this work in collaboration with Plant Protection and Quarantine Directorate (PPQD) and other MAIL departments. CABI organized this two-day ‘Stakeholders Planning Workshop’ with an objective to finalize the survey implementation plans and methodologies with inputs from the technical team of all MAIL departments and University teachers. Since Afghanistan has recently got World Trade Organization (WTO) membership, it is prerequisite to identify and list all plant insect and diseases prevailing in the country. Muhammad Faheem, CABI Country Coordinator-Afghanistan explained that this survey is not only identifying insects and diseases but also to explore which diseases exist where, on which commodities, and at what level. The survey that will be conducted in two year is focusing on all field crops, vegetables, fruit orchards, forest, veterinary farms and stored grains, and all landscapes i.e. agriculture, fallow, grass and rocky lands for detection of plant insect pests and diseases. A national database will be developed to record all these information and establish national museum to preserve all the samples for future use and research studies.
>>> read original article



It looks like a cool investment opportunity in the Afghan tourism sector

There is a ski destination in Afghanistan having everything to attract foreign investments for becoming the most attractive ski resorts in the world! Are you ready?! Pack your kit and prepare for a ski outing unlike any other to what must be the world’s most un-discovered ski destination.  
Strange but true, hidden among Afghanistan’s negative stories of conflicts, corruption, suicide bombers, war and drug smugglers, there is a ray of light shining under the banner of emerging adventure tourism in Bamyan Province in the northern Afghanistan. An area best known for the Taliban’s destruction of the giant Buddha statues that for centuries stood sentinel over the Bamyan Valley, the region is fast putting the past behind, and setting its sights on attracting international eco-minded adventure tourism enthusiasts. Featuring virgin back-country skiing, pristine mountain passes, and quaint rural villages with curious and friendly inhabitants, the Koh-e-Baba range that encircles the Bamyan Valley offers unsurpassed natural scenery and utter peace and quiet. And that’s not all – ancient archeological sites are strewn throughout the province, the famous inland Bandr-e-Amir lakes are several hours drive away, and hiking trails for all fitness levels crisscross the area. Ever the enterprising entrepreneurs, a handful of visionary Afghan sports and nature enthusiasts are working with local authorities to promote the province as a year-round tourism destination and establish facilities such as remote nature camps, cafes, restaurants, guest houses, and the introduction of other mountain activities such as hang gliding, mountain biking, trekking, cultural touring, and, of course, skiing. But if you are thinking “Après Ski”, hot chocolate, fondue, and posh shops stocked with the latest outdoor fashion, think again. This is Afghanistan, after all, but Bamyan will reward the intrepid traveler with some of the most ancient and beautiful mountain scenery anywhere. So when you are next at a dinner party and the conversation turns to new and exciting travel destinations, suggest an amazing visit to Bamyan!

Афганистан и Россия обсудили вопросы экономического сотрудничества в Москве

В последние дни в Москве состоялся российско-афганский экономический форум. В ходе мероприятия, организованного по инициативе Российско-афганского делового совета при ТПП РФ, были обсуждены вопросы развития сотрудничества между двумя странами по различным экономическим направлениям. Афганистан выразил готовность принять участие в российских программах по импортозамещению, в частности, поставлять в Россию свежие овощи и фрукты (в настоящее время Афганистан ежегодно производит около один миллион тонн фруктов). 
Вице-президент ТПП Афганистан (ACCI), господин Хан Джан Алокозай, упомянул о том, что ещё одним из перспективных направлений российско-афганского сотрудничества могут стать совместные проекты в сфере жилищного строительства. "Наш бизнес готов к совместному с российскими компаниями инвестированию в данную отрасль", сообщил он. На форуме также выступил начальник отдела по Афганистану второго департамента Азии МИД РФ Альберт Хорев, сообщивший, что Москва намерена продолжить содействие ИРА в различных областях, при этом намерена выстраивать торгово-экономические отношения с Кабулом именно на двусторонней основе. "Мы разделяем мнение афганских экспертов по поводу малоэффективности методов финансирования западными странами афганской экономики, поэтому предпочитаем выстраивать торгово-экономическое отношение на двухсторонней основе без задействования международных финансовых организаций", пояснил Хорев. Дипломат подчеркнул приверженность российской стороны задаче поддержки афганских правоохранительных структур при понимании, что кризис безопасности нельзя преодолеть исключительно силовыми методами. Представитель МИД России выразил надежду на то, что развитие двустороннего торгово-экономического сотрудничества поспособствует стабилизации обстановки в Афганистане. В ходе мероприятия афганским предпринимателям была предоставлена возможность представить потенциальным партнёрам свои проекты, произвести обмен мнениями со своими российскими коллегами и обсудить с представителями государственных структур РФ существующие трудности на пути расширения экономического сотрудничества. По итогам работы форума председатель правления Российско-афганского делового совета Дмитрий Антонов и вице-президент ТПП ИРА Алокозай подписали соглашение о сотрудничестве. Вице-президент ТПП РФ Владимир Падалко пообещал тщательно проработать все рассмотренные вопросы и приложить усилия для решения существующих проблем, при этом представители Торгово-промышленной палаты России подчеркнули, что каждой из сторон следует поднять ряд вопросов на политический уровень стран.

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Sunday, 5 June 2016

Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi jointly inaugurated the Salma Dam (Herat Dam) along with Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani

Salma Dam - one of India’s most expensive
infrastructure projects in Afghanistan
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on Saturday 4th of May jointly inaugurated the Salma Dam (Herat Dam) along with Afghanistan President Dr Ashraf Ghani. The Salma Dam, also known as the Afghan-India Friendship Dam, has been built by WAPCOS, an Indian “mini-ratna I”. Situated on the upper reaches of Hari Rud River in Herat province, Salma Dam project involved construction of a 107.5 meter high earth and rock–fill dam and a 42 MW power house with three units of 14 MW each. It also has a provision for releasing water for irrigation of 75,000 hectares of land. The reservoir water spreads about 20 km in length and 3.7 km in width. The gross capacity of the Dam is 633 million m3. The height of the Dam is 104.3 Mt, length 540 Mt and width at the bottom is 450 Mt. At over $275 million, this is the most expensive of India’s infrastructure projects in the region. The availability of power and water through the project will lead to the overall economic development of the western region of Afghanistan. It will address the energy requirements and irrigation needs of western Afghanistan. The project is located 165 km east of Herat town and connected with earthen road. Due to security reasons Indian engineers and technicians involved with the project have been reaching the site once in a month by helicopter service provided by Government of Afghanistan. All equipment and material were transported from India to Bander-e-Abbas port of Iran via sea and then along 1200 km by road from there to Islam Kila border post at Iran-Aghanistan border and then further 300 km by road from the border post to the site. Cement, steel reinforcement, explosives etc. were imported to Afghanistan from neighboring countries. Ahead of the inauguration, PM Modi tweeted, “Tomorrow I will visit Afghanistan, where I will join the inauguration of Afghanistan-India Friendship Dam in Herat.” “Looking forward to meeting President @ashrafghani & discussing India-Afghanistan ties, during my Afghanistan visit. @ARG_AFG,” he said.
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