Wednesday, 29 March 2017

Why a railway network in Afghanistan?

As Afghanistan seeks to reduce its dependence on foreign assistance and rebuild its economy on sustainable growth, much attention has been focused on establishing a national railway network. Thus Afghanistan National Railway Plan (ANRP) has been designed to utilize Afghanistan Strategic location and establish the country as a regional transportation hub, it also addresses the transportation needs of the mining sector, promote infrastructure as well as agricultural development, assist the country in narcotics irradiation and finally provide better connectivity of Afghanistan citizens and the countries around it by providing passenger transportation.

Regional Transportation Hub
ANRP is primarily designed to take advantage of country’s strategic location and link China to the middle-east and Europe as well as linking Central Asian Republics with the southern Asian countries. Thus Afghanistan will serve as the backbone for the development of Regional Economic Growth and Resource Corridors in and around Afghanistan. As such, the Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAREC), and the G8-supported Border Region Prosperity Initiative have all supported the development of rail in Afghanistan. ANRP has also been identified as one of twelve Priority Investment Projects (PIPs) as part of the New Silk Road Initiative (NSRI). The primary objective of the NSRI is to rebuild vital regional trading corridors and reestablish Afghanistan as a transport and trading hub linking Central and South Asia. The proposed rail lines closely mirror the trading corridors as the rail system would serve as a critical means of transportation of goods and people to domestic, regional, and global markets.

Synergy between Railway and Mining Sector for Economic Development
Recent geological surveys estimate Afghanistan possesses more than US$1 trillion of exploitable mineral wealth. The greatest potential for wealth generation consists of bulk quantities of iron ore and copper. The best prospects for near-term revenue operation center on seven mining areas of interest: Hajl Gak, Syadara, and Zarkashan for Iron and Aynak, Balkhab, Dusar-Shaida, Kundulan, and Zarkashan for copper. Estimated net tonnages of minerals from Afghanistan's mining areas of Interest exceed 58 million metric tons per year. Output from the Haji Gak iron ore only is estimated to account for 80% of all mineral traffic. To successfully compete in the global iron ore market, Afghanistan will need to approach the level of efficiency achieved by low-cost producers such as Australia and the African Nations. Therefore Afghanistan's mining and railway sectors are integrally linked: mining requires a railway to efficiently transport bulk minerals to market, and sustainment of railway operations requires the demand from mining to be economically viable. If the country successfully leverages its vast iron ore and copper deposits, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) could generate nearly US$100 billion in combined revenue from rail and mining operations by 2040. This will vastly assist Afghanistan to develop an independent and sustainable economy leading Afghanistan towards economical and social development.

Promoting Infrastructure Development
Afghanistan Railway Network is instrumental in promoting power generation and transmissions around the country and the Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (TAPI) pipeline development. Limited accessibility of roads to the power lines, transmitters and power generators create hurdles in maintenances and development of this sector while a good railway network could be very advantageous in this sector development. The Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (also known as Turkmenistan–Afghanistan–Pakistan–India Pipeline, TAP or TAPI) is a proposed natural gas pipeline .This project will transport Caspian Sea natural gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan into Pakistan and then to India. Afghanistan Railway Network will be utilized to transporting construction materials and vital for developing of this pipeline.

Promoting Agriculture Industry & Assisting Counter Narcotics Operation
Agriculture has traditionally driven Afghan economy; lack of reliable transportation system in the country which could link rural areas of the country to urban areas and regional markets is an obstacle to the development of this sector. Afghanistan Railway network would ensure the agricultural products could be picked up from the production sites and efficiently transported to other parts of the country and the region, resulting in Agricultural sector development in the country. It is anticipated that the construction of railway line and development of Agriculture industry will utilize thousands of unskilled laborers and generate jobs. Long-term employment opportunities will also be available for the operation, maintenance, and management of the rail system, resulting in decline of narcotics operations.

Promoting Population connectivity
Afghanistan road networks is heavily congested, the transportation of vast amount of commercial goods and a considerable volume of passenger transportation through these road networks have created a major challenge for the existing road infrastructure and its maintenance operation. Providing an alternative passenger transport through railway network is the long term strategic goal of the AfRA. This strategic goal could connect Afghans inside and beyond its borders.

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Afghan government starts construction of new 253-bed mother&child hospital in Mazar-e Sharif

Funded by the government of Germany, the new hospital costs more than one billion AFN. The new facility will provide appropriate health care for mothers and children living in Balkh and the neighboring provinces. The German government provides funding over AFN 1 billion. Afghan Minister of Public Health said: “Upon completion of this hospital’s construction, access of health services to mothers and children living in Balkh and nearby provinces will be considerably improved.” The Deputy German Consul added: “The mother and child hospital will be an important step in fighting child diseases as well as mother and child mortality. We encourage the Afghan authorities to manage the hospital sustainably.” The new hospital will provide adequate obstetrics, gynecology and pediatric medical services in 3 different blocks. After the construction’s completion, the hospital will be equipped with ultrasound, neonatal incubators, patient monitors, X-ray shield etc. The Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is responsible for the construction of the mother and child hospital, and the provincial Health Department is closely monitoring the process. It is estimated that the new mother and child hospital will be handed over to the authorities by August 2018.

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Tuesday, 28 March 2017

The American University of Afghanistan (AUAF) has resumed classes six months after the deadly attacks that left 12 people dead and dozens injured

AUAF Acting Director David Sedney on Monday said the university will officially reopen on Tuesday with enhanced security measures. The university’s walls are twice as high as they were and guard towers are manned by heavily armed foreign guards. The students who were injured in the attack said the enemies cannot prevent them from seeking education. The university reopened today with students attending orientation courses and construction workers building new facilities. According to Sedney, 75 new students have jointed the university this year, indicating a slightly higher enrollment compared to last year.
>>> READ ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Correlated Posts:
Precious lives could have been saved if the AUAF leadership had taken security more seriously
Alleged cases of corruption at the American University of Afghanistan


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Italian government Scholarships for Afghan students

Pursuant to the provisions of Law 288/55 and subsequent changes and additions and with a view to implementing bilateral cultural agreements and the related Executive Programs, as well as multilateral agreements, intergovernmental Agreements and specific Conventions for supporting Special Internationalization Projects with Universities, Research Institutes and Higher Artistic Training Centres in Italy, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation awards scholarships for studying in Italy both to foreign citizens and to Italian citizens living abroad (IRE) for the Academic Year 2017-2018.
The aim of these scholarships is to foster international cultural cooperation, spread the knowledge of the Italian language, culture and science, as well as promote the Italian economic and technological system throughout the world.
Before applying, please read carefully the Call and check “Universitaly” which contains all necessary information on Italian universities, as well as the website http://www.studiare-in-italia.it/studentistranieri/.
Scholarships are offered to carry out study, training and research projects in Italian Higher Education Institutes (State-owned institutions or institutions legally recognized by the relevant State authorities).
Courses for which it is possible to apply for a scholarship:
  • Second-level University courses (five-year degree/Master of Science) (Laurea specialistica/Laurea Magistrale 2° ciclo)
  • Master’s Degree courses (First and Second Level)
  • Ph.D Courses
  • Specialisation Schools
  • Research under academic supervision
  • Courses of Higher Education in Arts, Music and Dance (AFAM); Scuola Internazionale di Liuteria di Cremona; Scuola di Alta Formazione e Studio (SAF) of the Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro (ISCR); Scuola Nazionale di Cinema
  • Courses of Italian language and culture
  • Training/refresher courses for Teachers of Italian language
All Online applications must be submitted by midnight (Italian time) on May 10, 2017.
>>> MORE INFO on the website of the Italian Embassy in Afghanistan

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Monday, 27 March 2017

В марте-декабре 2016 ВВП ИРА вырос более чем на 2%

Согласно данным Центрального статистического управления Афганистана, за первые девять месяцев прошлого солнечного года торговый дефицит Афганистана существенно сократился, а ВВП вырос более чем на 2%. Экспорт за этот период возрос на 8%, а импорт снизился на 19% по сравнению с аналогичным периодом прошлого года. Афганистан укрепил торговые отношения с Турцией, Китаем, Казахстаном, Грузией, Туркменистаном, Ираном и другими странами, а также открыл новые торговые транзитные маршруты в Китай, Центральную Азию и Индию через сухопутный торговый порт Чабахар.

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The Afghan Government can send a strong signal to all Afghans that the time of corruption in Afghanistan is over

The European Union (EU) anticorruption campaign put the judiciary on agenda for its annual anticorruption drive from Sunday 26 till April 2 focusing on judicial corruption in Afghanistan, said a statement from the EU mission in Afghanistan on Sunday.
Written by Heart of Asia
Afghan's saw the judiciary as the most corrupt part of public administration in Afghanistan. Therefore the EU in Afghanistan again put corruption in the judiciary on the agenda of its annual anti-corruption campaign. "The Afghan people cry for justice and rule of law. The need for reform is long overdue. Although we have seen some improvements in the justice sector – in the Attorney General's Office with the Anti-Corruption Justice Centre -it is very clear that reforms are too slow,” read the statement. It added ending impunity was the way to end corruption. However, the justice system itself was corrupt. The judicial system must clean up its own ranks and bring in new staff in through merit based recruitment. “Today the judiciary is too often a tool for the powerful and rich and it is not serving ordinary Afghan citizens who suffer from injustice fed by corruption," says EU Special Representative in Afghanistan, Ambassador Franz-Michael Mellbin. A corrupt and malfunctioning local justice structure left space for informal justice in many rural areas -often run by insurgents or war lords. This pattern has to change. "The Government must take lead when it comes to breaking down the culture of corruption. The key is to end impunity – we have seen the first prosecutions and I hope more is to come soon. By starting from the top the Afghan Government can send a strong signal to all Afghans that the time of corruption in Afghanistan is over," states Ambassador Mellbin.
>>> READ ORIGINAL ARTICLE

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Sunday, 26 March 2017

Ambasciata d’Italia a Kabul, Afghanistan

L’Ambasciata d’Italia a Kabul è tra le più grandi Missioni bilaterali italiane in Asia Centrale.

Il Capo Missione è l’Ambasciatore Roberto Cantone, che il 16 maggio 2016 ha presentato le lettere credenziali al Presidente dell'Afghanistan, S.E. Ashraf Ghani.

In base alla Convenzione di Vienna sulle relazioni diplomatiche del 18 aprile 1961, le funzioni dell’Ambasciata sono, tra le altre, di:
  • rappresentare l’Italia in Afghanistan;
  • proteggere gli interessi dell’Italia e dei suoi cittadini, nei limiti ammessi dal diritto internazionale;
  • negoziare con il governo dell’Afghanistan;
  • informarsi, con ogni mezzo lecito, delle condizioni e dell’evoluzione degli avvenimenti in Afghanistan e riferire allo Stato italiano;
  • promuovere relazioni amichevoli e sviluppare le relazioni economiche, culturali e scientifiche tra l’Italia e l’Afghanistan.
L’Ambasciata supervisiona le attività della Cooperazione italiana allo sviluppo, che vede nell’Afghanistan il principale destinatore degli aiuti allo sviluppo.

Attraverso la sua Cancelleria consolare, l’Ambasciata d’Italia a Kabul fornisce inoltre una serie di servizi consolari ai cittadini italiani e stranieri residenti nel territorio della sua circoscrizione.
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The Embassy of Italy in Kabul is one of the largest Italian bilateral mission in Central Asia.
The Chief of Mission is Ambassador Roberto Cantone who on May 16, 2016 presented his credentials to Afghan President Ashraf Ghani.
Based on the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations dated April 18, 1961 the functions of the Embassy are, among others:
- to represent Italy in the Afghanistan;
- to protect the interests of Italy and of its nationals in Afghanistan, within the limits permitted by international law;
- to negotiate with the Government of Afghanistan;
- to ascertain by all lawful means conditions and developments in Afghanistan, and reporting thereon to the Government of Italy;
- to promote friendly relations between Italy and Afghanistan and developing their economic, cultural and scientific relations.
The Embassy supervises the activities of the local Office of the Italian Development Cooperation, which sees Afghanistan as the main receiver of the development aid.
Through its Consular section, the Embassy of Italy in Kabul also offers a host of consular services to Italian and non-Italian citizens living within its jurisdiction.
>>> SOURCE

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First specialized surgical center for pediatric, newborn cardiac deformities established in the Afghan capital with the financial support of Italy

The Ministry of Public Health of Afghanistan has established the first specialized surgical center for pediatric, newborn cardiac deformities at the Indira Gandhi Child Health Hospital in the capital Kabul. The center was established with financial support from Italy, the Health Ministry said in a statement. Italy has provided 3.2 million Euros for the construction of the center, staff training and installation of the equipment, the statement said. “With the establishment of the center a significant number of children who need to undergo heart surgery will not have to refer to the high cost for treatment to abroad,"  Health Minister Feroz said. According to the statement, annually, a huge number of children and infants who are suffering from cardiac deformities travel to foreign countries for treatment. However, the establishment of new specialized health facilities will not meet the health needs of the citizens but it will also improve the quality of the health services. "In the near future, the center with the help of Ministry of Public Health and Italy will start working, this center will help a large number of children who are suffering from heart disease to be cured in country," the statement added.

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Afghanistan no longer threatened by Pakistan blocking trade routes

The President of Afghanistan, Ashraf Ghani, said the enemies will no longer threat Afghanistan by blocking trade routes as the country has alternative routes to rely on. These remarks were made during a gathering in the provincial capital of Balkh province, Mazar-e-Sharif, which has historically been a trade hub owed to its strategic location on the major Silk Road routes. President Ghani highlighted the geographic importance of Afghanistan and said the country is an inseparable part of the Central Asia. This comes as Pakistan has several times shut down its borders on Afghanistan following a political rift between Islamabad and Kabul. The recent border closures by Pakistan has inflicted millions of dollars of losses onto the Afghan economy. The routes were opened last week after three weeks of closure.

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Saturday, 25 March 2017

The northern Afghan province of Balkh will become major business hub

Balkh province will turn into intersection of Asia and Central Asia, President Ashraf Ghani said during his visit to the northern province. “I assure you that ancient Balkh will again turn into intersection of Asia and Central Asia,”  H.E. President Ghani said during an event in the province to inaugurate new academic year and Noor Hall. He added that Balkh will turn into "a major business hub among Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Central Asia and Russia.”  Balkh, Kunduz and Herat will be connected through railway as China links with Iran. President Ghani also hinted at Pakistan’s closure of border, suggesting that Afghanistan is not solely dependent on trade with the eastern neighbor. “We have several routes… pessimistic people thought that there will be protest in Kabul due to lack of flour. The people of Kabul will not protest,”  he pointed out. On security, the President of Afghanistan said that the 4-year security plan has clearly defined who is friend and who is foe, adding all those who commit rebellion will be dismantled. This is Ghani’s second visit to the province of Balkh after becoming president in 2014. During the election, governor Noor supported the acting Chief Executive of the national unity government of Afghanistan, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, but he has cut political ties with him and he is now engaged in negotiations with the president. 

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Friday, 24 March 2017

Kabul invita la Russia ad investire nella ricostruzione di importanti infrastrutture realizzate in Afghanistan da specialisti sovietici

Kabul ha proposto a Mosca di investire in 124 progetti per sostenere l’economia afghana. 
"Molte infrastrutture in Afghanistan sono state realizzate da specialisti sovietici e possono essere ricostruite dalla Russia. Sono più di 100; 124 per l'esattezza. Tra questi ci sono: il tunnel ‘Salang', l'industria di panificazione di Kabul, l'università politecnica, l'industria di riparazione automobili ‘Dzhangalak', la centrale elettrica di Pul-i-Khumri",  ha spiegato Mohammad Qasim, addetto per gli affari economici e commerciali dell'ambasciata dell'Afghanistan a Mosca. Il Dott. Quasim ha osservato che il tema della ripresa dell'economia afghana è stato già trattato in occasione dell'incontro tra l'ambasciatore dell'Afghanistan a Mosca Abdul Kochan e il viceministro dell'Energia russo Yurij Sentyurin. Quest'ultimo ha assicurato che ci sono circa 30 aziende russe pronte ad investire nella ricostruzione delle infrastrutture afghane.

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L'esercito degli Stati Uniti continua ad uccidere civili in Afghanistan

Nel marzo del 2014, l’esercito degli Stati Uniti ha pagato a un uomo afgano poco più di mille dollari come risarcimento per aver ucciso suo figlio, un civile, nel corso di un’operazione vicino al confine con l’Iran. È quel che emerge da alcuni documenti dell’esercito statunitense. Sei mesi dopo, l’esercito statunitense ha versato diecimila dollari a un altro afgano dopo che il figlio, anche lui un civile, è stato ucciso durante un’operazione guidata dagli Stati Uniti nella stessa provincia. Haji Allah Dad, 68 anni, ha perso in tutto venti familiari, tra cui il fratello e la cognata, in seguito a un’operazione delle forze speciali statunitensi e afgane vicino alla città settentrionale di Kunduz, nel settembre del 2016. Allah Dad ha dichiarato di aver ricevuto un risarcimento solo dal governo afgano e non da quello statunitense. Quasi 16 anni dopo aver invaso l’Afghanistan, gli Stati Uniti non hanno ancora delle procedure uniformi per il riconoscimento dei risarcimenti economici alle famiglie delle migliaia di civili afgani uccisi o feriti durante le operazioni militari effettuate dal loro esercito. Washington ha cominciato a pagare le famiglie delle vittime afgane solo per contrastare i combattenti taliban, che già lo facevano.
Un sistema ingiusto
L’approccio degli Stati Uniti ai risarcimenti è volontariamente arbitrario, perché cerca di negoziare con le sensibilità culturali e locali dell’Afghanistan dalla sua posizione di forza militare. Ma gli attivisti per i diritti civili sostengono che il sistema sia ingiusto e dannoso per i cittadini afgani, spesso poveri e poco istruiti. Un portavoce del Pentagono ha dichiarato che l’esercito lascia la decisione sulle cifre da versare agli ufficiali militari impegnati sul campo, poiché sono nella posizione migliore per giudicare gli incidenti. “I “risarcimenti di cordoglio” in Afghanistan si basano sulle norme culturali delle diverse regioni, sui consigli dei partner afgani e sulle circostanze dell’evento in questione”, ha spiegato il portavoce Adam Stump. “I comandanti militari impegnati sul campo hanno quindi l’autorità di decidere sui pagamenti, perché sono loro ad avere la migliore comprensione di questi fattori”, ha chiarito Stump. Non è chiaro come l’esercito statunitense converta questi fattori in termini monetari. Washington ha cominciato a versare i risarcimenti in Afghanistan nel 2005, dopo essersi resa conto che i taliban stavano accrescendo la loro influenza e popolarità offrendo denaro ai civili dopo i bombardamenti statunitensi, afferma il Center for civilians in conflict, un gruppo di ricerca e associazione non profit con sede negli Stati Uniti. Secondo il diritto internazionale e quello nazionale gli Stati Uniti non sono tenuti a versare dei risarcimenti per i civili uccisi durante le loro azioni militari. Tuttavia è dai tempi della guerra in Corea, negli anni cinquanta, che effettuano simili pagamenti. In alcuni casi hanno risarcito i parenti dei civili uccisi durante la guerra in Iraq.
I civili meritano di più
Chi critica questa politica denuncia il fatto che l’assenza di uno standard nei pagamenti di compensazione si traduce in un trattamento non equo per le vittime civili afgane morte in un conflitto che dura da anni. Il principale dirigente militare statunitense in Afghanistan ha dichiarato più volte che sarebbero necessarie migliaia di truppe supplementari per rompere lo stallo che si è creato con i taliban. “È preoccupante che si parli di rafforzare le operazioni nel paese senza che esista una procedura standard per il pagamento dei risarcimenti”, ha affermato Marla Keenan, una responsabile dei programmi del Center for civilians in conflict. “Un uomo a Kunduz può ottenere quattromila dollari per i danni subiti dalla sua auto, mentre una donna a Gardez riceve mille dollari per la morte del suo bambino. I civili meritano di più”, ha aggiunto Keenan. Secondo i documenti dell’esercito statunitense, ottenuti in seguito a una richiesta in base al Freedom of information act (la legge sulla libertà d’informazione), le forze statunitensi hanno pagato alle famiglie afgane circa 1,2 milioni di dollari di risarcimenti per la morte di almeno 101 afgani e il ferimento di altri 270 dalla fine del 2013 al 2016. Quasi tutte le vittime erano civili. Cinque di questi pagamenti hanno riguardato componenti del governo afgano, come mostrano i documenti mai pubblicati prima. L’ammontare dei pagamenti, anche in casi apparentemente simili, varia molto. “Questo mostra che ogni unità stabilisce i suoi criteri, e che non esiste una modalità standard (e neanche un criterio finanziario unico) in tutto l’esercito su come effettuare questi pagamenti e sul loro ammontare”, ha spiegato Keenan. Nel caso di Allah Dad, il denaro non è venuto dagli Stati Uniti, ma dal governo afgano. L’attacco che ha ucciso i suoi parenti a Boz, vicino a Kunduz, è stato oggetto di un’inchiesta dell’esercito statunitense, che ha scoperto a gennaio che 33 civili sono stati uccisi e 27 feriti quando le forze speciali degli Stati Uniti e dell’Afghanistan hanno risposto al fuoco dei taliban, usando delle abitazioni civili e richiedendo l’aiuto delle forze aeree statunitensi. Il capitano Bill Salvin, portavoce dell’esercito statunitense in Afghanistan, ha dichiarato che gli Stati Uniti non hanno pagato alcun risarcimento, lasciando al governo afgano il compito di decidere cosa volesse fare. Il motivo non è chiaro. Mahmud Danish, portavoce del governatore della provincia di Kunduz, ha dichiarato che il governo afgano ha pagato centomila afgani (1.500 dollari) per ogni morte e cinquantamila (750 dollari) per ogni persona ferita. Secondo Allah Dad gli Stati Uniti avrebbero dovuto assumersi le loro responsabilità nei confronti delle vittime civili. “Gli americani devono rispondere di quel che hanno fatto e devono pagare per ogni singola persona uccisa o ferita in questo attacco”, ha dichiarato Allah Dad, che ha avuto anche nove parenti feriti. L’uomo ha dovuto abbandonare il suo lavoro d’insegnante e oggi coltiva meloni e grano nei suoi terreni. “Il governo afgano ha promesso di rimborsarci per le case, le automobili, i macchinari e il bestiame che abbiamo perduto, ma finora non ha fatto niente”. Interpellato sul caso di Allah Dad, il Pentagono ha risposto che non fornisce commenti su casi specifici. L’autorità locale di Kunduz ha confermato il racconto dell’uomo sui pagamenti e il numero di suoi parenti uccisi. “Siamo consapevoli che nessuna quantità di denaro può compensare il dolore e la perdita di una vita”, ha dichiarato Salvin. Uno dei precedenti più noti in fatto di risarcimenti risale all’indomani dell’attacco aereo statunitense su Kunduz, nel 2015, che ha distrutto un ospedale gestito da Medici senza frontiere, uccidendo 42 persone e ferendone 37. L’incidente aveva ricevuto un’ampia copertura sui mezzi d’informazione e l’attenzione dell’allora presidente Barack Obama. “Il presidente si è personalmente interessato all’incidente di Kunduz ed è questo uno dei motivi per il quale anche noi ci siamo interessati alla vicenda”, ha dichiarato un ex funzionario della Casa Bianca, aggiungendo che è raro che degli ufficiali di grado analogo al suo, a Washington, si occupino di risarcimenti economici in Afghanistan. Per quell’incidente gli Stati Uniti hanno pagato in media tremila dollari per ogni ferito e seimila per ogni vittima.
>>> READ ORIGINAL ARTICLE

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Rap artist wins 12th edition of Afghan Star

The entire Afghanistan sat to watch the grand finale of the 12th edition of Afghan Star–Afghanistan’s “pop idol”–on Nawruz. This year’s Afghan Star edition stood out the most. For the first time in the history of the show a female singer reached the final, defying widespread social stigma attached to women performers. The 18-year old singer Zulala Hashemi participated in the auditions from Nangarhar, one of the deeply conservative provinces in the east of Afghanistan. Lema Sahar came in third place in 2008, but since then no woman has gone beyond the top eighth or seventh. Hashemi’s rival in the grand finale was barber-turned rapper, Sayed Jamal Mubarez, from the minority Hazara community. Mubarez won viewers over with his songs reflecting on the misery of Afghan youth suffering from years of war in Afghanistan, the failure of the government, the sacrifice of Afghan army and at the same capturing the hope the people cling to. Working as a barber in northern Mazar-e-Sharif, Mubarez discovered rap in Iran. Mubarez emerged the winner of the show–based on public votes. He turned to Zulala and handed her the award. “I’m proud that Zulala made it to the finals. She deserves this award. She made it this far despite so many restrictions that our women face,” said Hashemi. Mubarez hopes to find financial support to take forward his singing career otherwise he will return to his barber shop and rap on the side.
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Thursday, 23 March 2017

Afghanistan is one of the main victims of Pakistan-based terror groups

Islamabad’s support of terrorist and extremist groups is no longer a hidden agenda. Pakistan’s name is tied to the term of state-sponsorship of terrorism in one way or another, and the country has continued throughout its history to use terror groups as proxy forces against its neighbors to achieve its malign interests and ends. Afghanistan and India are the main victims of Pakistan-based terror groups. The culprits of any disruptive and terror activities in the two countries are in some way linked to Pakistan, a country that has long backed, trained and bankrolled terror groups, but is yet to face serious international pressure. Recently, a US senator has launched a serious anti-Pakistan campaign, and also introduced a bill in US Congress to label Pakistan as a state sponsor of terrorism. Hailing from Taxes, Senator Ted Poe, who is also the Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Terrorism, has called on the Trump administration to determine whether or not Pakistan is state sponsor of terrorism. Islamabad has maintained cozy ties with terrorists to hold sway over its dissidents in Afghanistan and India, the lawmaker said, stressing that the country is still harboring many terror groups such as the Taliban, the Haqqani Network and Al-Qaeda. Since terrorism is a common threat, the war on terror also requires joint efforts. As long as terrorism is used as a tool to protect interests by whichever nation or party, the menace of this phenomenon cannot be eliminated. Inasmuch as extremist groups enjoy support and safe havens in countries, it is naïve to expect that the war on terror will be won. Trump’s election as president is an opportunity for the United States to shift its policy against Pakistan.
If Washington continues to maintain ties with Islamabad as usual and without bringing any pressure, the suspicions of the intentions of the superpower with regard to the war on terror will further ratchet up. 
Thus, the Trump administration should firmly and decisively move against Pakistan to compel it to give up supporting terrorist and extremist groups.
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Талибы также занимаются контрабандой фисташки

Герат, Афганистан: доходы боевиков Талибана от контрабанды фисташек из провинции составляют около USD 15,000,000 ежегодно. Соответствующее заявление сделал глава уезда Кушки-Кухна, Саид Мохаммад Чисти Модуди в интервью радиостанции "Салам Ватандар". По его словам, боевики не просто собирают фисташки и зарабатывают на них, но и вырубают деревья, уничтожая леса, и борьба с ними существенно затруднена.

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Tuesday, 21 March 2017

BUON ANNO NUOVO, AFGHANISTAN !!!

L'arrivo della primavera segna l'inizio del nuovo anno in Afghanistan (anno 1396), Iran e in altre zone del Medio Oriente e dell'Asia centrale. Una festa antichissima legata alla religione zoroastriana.
*** FELICE 1396 ! ***
L’arrivo della primavera segna l’inizia del nuovo anno in Iran e Afghanistan. In questi due Paesi vige infatti Il calendario persiano, noto anche come calendario di Jalaali. Si tratta di un calendario solare che stabilisce gli anni bisestili non mediante una regola numerica, ma sulla base dell’osservazione dell’equinozio di primavera. L’inizio del nuovo anno non cade automaticamente ogni 21 marzo, ma varia di volta in volta. Il calendario persiano è senza dubbio più esatto dal punto di vista scientifico, con un margine di errore di un giorno ogni 141.000 anni. Il calendario gregoriano, in uso in Occidente, ha invece un giorno di errore ogni 3.226 anni. I persiani furono il primo popolo a preferire il ciclo solare al ciclo lunare. Nella cultura zorostriana, predominante in Persia fino all’avvento dell’Islam, il sole ha infatti avuto un’importanza simbolica fondamentale. Nell’XI secolo, sotto il regno del sultano selgiuchide Jalaal ad-Din Malik Shah Seljuki, una commissione di scienziati della quale faceva parte il grande poeta e matematico Omar Khayyam, elaborò un nuovo calendario sulla base di uno in uso secoli prima. Il nuovo calendario persiano viene tuttora chiamato calendario di Jalaali, in onore del sultano. Sostituito in seguito col calendario lunare islamico, il calendario persiano viene reintrodotto in Persia nel 1922. L’Afghanistan lo adotta nel 1957, ma denominando in arabo i mesi.

Il calendario persiano è così strutturato:
Farvardin (Marzo 21-Aprile 20)
Ordibehesht (Aprile 21-Maggio 21)
Khordad (Maggio 22-Giugno 21)
Tir (Giugno22-Luglio 22)
Mordad-Amordad (Luglio 23-Agosto 22)
Shahrivar (Agosto 23-Settembre 22)
Mehr (Settembre 23-Ottobre22)
Aban (Ottobre 23-Novembre 21)
Azar (Novembre 22-Dicembre 21)
Day (Dicembre 22-Gennaio 20)
Bahman (Gennaio 21-Febbraio 19)
Esfand (Febbraio 20-Marzo 20)
I primi 6 mesi sono di 31 giorni, i successivi 5 sono di 30 giorni e l’ultimo mese è di 29 giorni, 30 giorni in quelli bisestili.

Festa grande (e zoroastriana)
Il No Ruz (nuovo giorno), primo giorno del nuovo anno, è celebrato da almeno tremila anni ed è in assoluto la festa più importante in Iran. Dopo la rivoluzione del 1979 il governo cercò di ridurne l’importanza, in quanto festa preislamica. Fu però una mossa controproducente. La leggenda vuole che lo stesso Khomeini ci ripensò perché le donne di casa non gli rivolsero la parola per due settimane. È una festa bellissima e colorata. Le scuole e gli uffici chiudono per due settimane. Si scambiano auguri (Ayd-e Noruz Mubarak!) e regali (soprattutto banconote fresche di bancomat). Una sorta di Natale celebrato in primavera, dove tutto deve essere nuove, nel segno della rinascita della vita dopo l’inverno.
Pulizie di primavera
La tradizione vuole che le celebrazioni del No Ruz si aprano 12 giorni prima del capodanno con una pulizia a fondo della casa (Khane Tekani). La giornata prevede anche l’acquisto di fiori e la visita ad amici e parenti.
I fuochi del mercoledì
L’ultimo mercoledì dell’anno si celebra la festa del fuoco (Chaharshanbe Surì). Nelle strade si accendono piccoli falò da saltare dopo aver recitato la formula “Zardî-ye man az to, sorkhî-ye to az man”, ovvero il mio giallo (simbolo della debolezza) a te, il tuo rosso (la forza) a me. È un rito purificatore che simboleggia il passaggio dall’inverno alla primavera, con la sconfitta delle tenebre e la vittoria della luce. Si crede anche che in questa notte gli spiriti dei morti possano tornare a far visita ai loro cari.
Tutti a tavola con le sette 'S'
Al momento dell’entrata nel nuovo anno tutte le famiglie si riuniscono intorno alla tavola (sofreh) apparecchiata con sette oggetti che cominciano tutti per s: sabzeh, un dolce di germogli di grano o lenticchie che rappresenta la rinascita; samanu, un budino di germogli di grano e mandorle cotte, che simboleggia la trasformazione; sib, una mela rossa, simbolo della salute; senjed, frutto secco dell’albero di loto, simbolo dell’amore; sir, l’aglio, simbolo della medicina; somaq, una polvere di bacche usata per condire la carne, che rappresenta l’aurora; serkeh, l’aceto, simbolo della pazienza. È inoltre abitudine mettere in tavola uova colorate (che rappresentano la fertilità), acqua di rose, uno specchio a centrotavola e un pesciolino rosso in una boccia di vetro.
Sizdah Bedar
Il tredicesimo giorno del nuovo anno è chiamato Sizdah Bedar. Alcuni lo chiamano “pasquetta persiana” perché è tradizione trascorrerlo all’aperto e in compagnia. Gli antichi persiani credevano infatti che le dodici costellazioni dello zodiaco controllino i dodici mesi dell’anno e che ognuna governi il mondo per mille anni. Il tredicesimo giorno rappresenta perciò l’era del caos, che verrà alla fine dei tempi. Per questo motivo, è opportuno trascorrere Sizdah Bedar fuori casa, per scongiurare i malefici generati dal numero tredici. Alla fine di questa “pasquetta persiana”, il sabzeh messo a tavolo per Capodanno, viene messo sotto l’acqua corrente per esorcizzare il malocchio. Oltre che in Iran, il No Ruz è attualmente celebrato anche in India, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Kazakistan e Kirghizistan.
Haji Pirooz
Il Noruz ha anche una maschera tradizionale, “Haji Pirooz”. Incarna Domuzi, il dio sumero del sacrificio che viene ucciso alla fine del vecchio anno per rinascere all’inizio del nuovo. Haji Pirooz veste un costume rosso (simile a quello di Babbo Natale) e ha la faccia truccata di nero. Per le strade di Teheran è possibile incontrare persone vestite da Haji Pirooz che ballano e suonano tamburi e trombette per augurare un nuovo anno felice.

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Monday, 20 March 2017

Sustainable use of ground water in Kabul, Afghanistan

The Social Association of Journalists in North Afghanistan (SAJNA) and the Afghan-German Cooperation hosted a media meeting on sustainable ground water usage Kabul. Four Afghan ground water experts and more than 70 media representatives attended the event. They concluded that Afghanistan’s ground water resources must be properly managed to prevent overuse and pollution. The participants included the Director of the Ministry of Energy and Water’s (MEW) Hydro-geology Department, the Director of the Afghanistan Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Corporation (AUWSSC), the KfW water project coordinator as well as a civil society activist. MEW’s Director of the Department of Hydrogeology, Eng. Mohammad Naeem Tokhi, said: “Especially in large cities like Kabul, ground water faces two major threats: over-exploitation and pollution.” Eng. Hamidulla Jelani, Director of the AUWSSC, added that contamination could be prevented by appropriate sewerage systems. “Currently, AUWSSC provides services in 21 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces. Soon, we will be able to accommodate demand for sewage management in the missing provinces as well – thanks to the Afghan government and our international partners,” said Jelani. Regarding the question how to make the use of groundwater more efficient, Sulaiman Salehi, KfW’s water project coordinator, referred to an extensive sewerage system that is planned in Kabul: “The sewerage master plan for Kabul city is an important step towards effective sewage management. Until the project’s completion in 2019, Germany will provide more than AFN 3 billion funds. Apart from technical equipment, cooperation between different stakeholders was also crucial, Salah Kabeer, a civil society activist and water expert emphasized. He underlined: “The Afghan government, civil society and media need to work together to preserve our ground water resources.” All panelists further highlighted the media’s key role in increasing awareness among the population regarding questions on the efficient use of ground water. “Media Meetings 2017 – Afghan media for Social Responsibility” are a series of regular events held by Afghan-German cooperation and SAJNA. The meetings bring together experts from the public sector, civil society, development organizations and the media to discuss important development issues.
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Italian organization Emergency treated over 5 million people in Afghanistan

Since December 1999, the independent Italian organization Emergency has treated over 5,280,000 people (as of December 31, 2016) in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
In over 40 years, war in Afghanistan has caused one and a half million dead, hundreds of thousands of wounded and disabled, in addition to more than four million displaced people.
The most recent war, which began in October 2001, continues to injure, kill and destroy. And on the ground there is still the legacy of previous wars: landmines and unexploded devices continue to maim children and adults, mostly civilians.
Since 1999, EMERGENCY has been active in Afghanistan and has built and managed a Surgical and Medical Centre and a Maternity Centre in the Panjshir Valley, a Surgical Centre in Kabul, a Surgical Centre in Lashkar-gah, a network of First Aid Posts and Health Centres, a programme of medical assistance to the inmates of the largest prisons in the country.
http://www.emergency.it/afghanistan/en-index.html


Da dicembre 1999, Emergency ha curato in Afghanistan oltre 5.280.000 persone (dati al 31 dicembre 2016) nei suoi 3 Centri chirurgici, nel Centro di maternità, nei Posti di primo soccorso e Centri sanitari.
In più di 40 anni il conflitto afgano ha causato un milione e mezzo di morti e quattro milioni di profughi. Denutrizione, scarso accesso ad acqua sicura, infezioni gastrointestinali e alle vie respiratorie non trovano risposte in un sistema sanitario nazionale inadeguato ai bisogni della popolazione.
Emergency è in Afghanistan dal 1999. Ha costruito un Centro chirurgico e un Centro di maternità ad Anabah, nella valle del Panshir, un Centro chirurgico a Kabul, un ospedale a Lashkar-gah e una rete di Posti di primo soccorso e Centri sanitari. Dal 2000 Emergency è impegnata in un programma di assistenza sanitaria ai detenuti delle maggiori carceri del Paese.
http://www.emergency.it/afghanistan/index.html

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Афганская частная компания приняла решение инвестировать 1,3 млрд. долларов США в развитие Кабула

Компания Гульбахар представила свой план развития города Кабула на заседании Национального совета по экономике, которое возглавил президент Ашраф Гани. Благодаря инвестициям будет создано 10 тыс. рабочих мест, ещё 25 тыс. человек получат работу опосредованно. В план входят: строительство различных индустриальных комплексов, инвестиции в производство цемента, керамики, медикаментов, сигарет, упаковки и муки. Ашраф Гани объявил, что план будет утвержден после окончательного прояснения взаимоотношений компании с Кабул банком.

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17% percent (2,113) of journalists in Afghanistan are women

Women's presence in the media sector of Afghanistan has increased by 12%. The government being criticized on a number of the occasion by the organisations - empowering independent media in Afghanistan including Nai, for not giving access to information. Acting spokesman for President Ghani said that the government is committed supporting journalists and freedom of speech in the country. Journalists in Afghanistan work under extremely difficult circumstances, particularly women journalists and routinely face threats, violence and intimidation that prevent them from carrying out their work.

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Sunday, 19 March 2017

Challenges and opportunities in the construction sector of Afghanistan

A survey by Construction Sector Transparency Initiative Afghanistan (CSTIA) segment of the Integrity Watch Afghanistan (IWA) has revealed that billions of dollars had been embezzled over the past 15 years in construction projects. According to a statement from the CSTA, the survey was completed in 10 months with collaboration from GIZ. The investigation assessed challenges and available opportunities in the construction sector of Afghanistan. The statement cited absence of transparency and corruption in implementation of infrastructural projects as the main reason behind the embezzlement over the past one and a half decade. Addressing a press conference on last Thursday, Economy minister and the Head of CSTIA highlighted low capacity, late payments by donors, problems in procurement area, insecurity and limited resources as some of the challenges facing the construction sector. CSTIA Coordinator said some projects were awarded to companies based on favoritism and did not go through a legal procedure. He added that poor reporting on construction process was one of the major problems.
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Afghanistan launched a campaign to plant more than two millions of trees across the country in one week

The campaign was started in a ceremony in Qargha, a recreational area, west Kabul, with Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah calling on citizens to plant more trees to make the environment greener. Considering growing population and air pollution, planting trees is of vital importance, he said. He noted that planting trees and preventing air pollution is not only the duty of government authorities, but of all Afghans. The director of forestry at the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, said that the ministry has readied over 2 million trees for planting in different provinces of the country. In Kabul in particular, the program aims to create a greenbelt with over 20,000 trees. The tree planting near Qargha Lake saw not only government workers but also ordinary men, women and children. “My message to all the people of Afghanistan is that wherever they are, if they could plant a single tree [in first month of spring], they would do a very good job,” said an old woman with shovel in her hand.

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Wednesday, 15 March 2017

SAARC Development Fund and UNDP work together for strategic growth of SAARC Member States and to achieve UN sustainable development goals

Haoliang Xu, United Nations Assistant Secretary General and UNDP Regional Director for South Asia and Pacific visited the SAARC Development Fund Secretariat and assured to work together for strategic growth of SAARC Member States and to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the SAARC Development Fund and UNDP was already signed in 2015, by Haoliang Xu, UN Assistant Secretary General and Dr. Sunil Motiwal, CEO, SDF during Annual Management Committee Meeting of UNDP at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Key goal for the MoU is to collaborate for the advancement of the 2030 Agenda in the South Asia countries especially SAARC Member States.
According to SDF CEO Dr. Sunil Motiwal, SAARC Development Fund has already started their cooperation by co-financing two UNDP projects in the SAARC region approved by the SDF Board which are:
“Economic Empowerment of Women through Energy Access in Mountain Countries of South Asia”. The objective of this project is to empower women in the mountainous regions of South Asia namely Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Pakistan through access to sustainable energy services to contribute towards achieving the goals of economic empowerment of women while simultaneously targeting better health and gender equality. SDF has committed USD 3.1 million for 50% of the total budget of USD 6.2 Million in the form of financial co-funding. The project is aimed at 11,840 households, 50 entrepreneurs and 500 community members as direct beneficiaries and 121,317 persons and 150 women entrepreneurs as indirect beneficiaries.
“Support to Value Chain development, Entrepreneurship and Skill Development and Improved Connectivity” which primarily focuses on improving the economic livelihood of marginalized communities and promote creative industries. This is a unique and innovative project which adopts a regional approach to enhance economic opportunities for MSMEs through value chain development. SDF has committed USD 7.8 million for 50% of the total budget of USD 15.7 million in the form of financial co-funding. The project is aimed to target 163,400 persons as direct beneficiaries in the components of social protection, financial inclusion, SME export capacity improvement and at least 0.5 million people as direct beneficiaries.
SAARC Development Fund and UNDP are in the process of signing the Project Financing Agreements for the projects and it is expected that implementation of these two projects will commence soon.
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Afghanistan and Germany jointly invest nearly 70,000,000 euro for the establishment of a modern Sukuk printing company, allowing the country to print its own money

The modern Sukuk printing company is expected to be built on 22 acres of land in Jangalak industrial township. Jangalak township was initially built in 1960 and was operating in key fields such as metal production, electronics, packaging of car machines and some other fields. More than 1,500 people were working in Jangalak township. It was Afghanistan’s largest industrial site. But the area has been totally destroyed in decades of war and violence. Afghanistan and Germany will provide 70 million Euro for the establishment of the project. “It will be a joint investment in the project. A modern printing industry will be established on 22 acres of land. It will be equipped with modern technology and be able to print the government’s financial certificates,” said Mohammad Ibrahim Shams, chairman government enterprises. Economic commentators have said the only solution to Afghanistan’s fragile economy and joblessness is that the government establishes new enterprises and swiftly revives old businesses. “If the government is not able to rehabilitate the Jangalak factory site, then it should give it to private sector, but we need to revive it, because it is a major production facility,” Sayed Qias Saeedi, an economist.
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Illegal digging of natural resources in Kapisa, Afghanistan

A high level government delegation comprised of Presidential Palace and some ministries representatives have traveled to central Kapisa province to investigate the illegal excavation of natural resources, an official said. Police spokesman Mohammad Ayub Yousufzai told Pajhwok Afghan News that Chromites mine which was now in security forces control was earlier extracted by powerful individuals illegally. He said the site of natural resources was in militant control in the past. The spokesman added the purpose of visiting delegation from the centre was to investigate illegal mining in the Chromites mine. Meanwhile, local mining and petroleum officials complained some mines of precious stones were in militant control and some were being excavated by powerful individuals in unprofessional and illegal way. But Eng. Aziz, an employee of the mining department, said mines of precious stones were situated in the insecure areas of Kapisa about which the release of official comments had been barred. Earlier, the residents of locality had shared their worries over the illegal excavation of precious natural resources, but the government paid no head to the issue.
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Afghanistan's economy is worsening and its security deteriorating after the U.S. invests billions of dollars squandered on projects that never came to be

Afghanistan's economy is worsening and its security deteriorating despite more than a decade of reconstruction efforts and over USD 100 billion poured into the country, according to the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR), an independent oversight agency created by the U.S. Congress in 2008.
The agency's investigation, conducted between October and December of last year, paints a grim picture of the country — including millions of dollars squandered on projects that never came to be, a resurgent Taliban, infiltration by the so-called Islamic State and a handful of guilty pleas from U.S. military personnel in bribery cases.

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Sunday, 12 March 2017

An elite class that has gotten fat off of the aid money that has flooded the country since the US invasion in 2001

The Impossible Job of Afghanistan's Attorney General

Written by  May Jeong

Last April, Mohammad Farid Hamidi, Afghanistan’s 49-year-old Attorney General, made an unprecedented pledge: From eight in the morning until eight in the evening each Monday, he would meet with anyone seeking legal counsel. On some days, this meant seeing as many as 200 petitioners. Hamidi, who came into power in April 2016, called the practice morajein-e roz, or the day of the petitioners.
On a brisk Monday morning last November, scores of Afghans meandered outside the attorney general’s office in downtown Kabul, hoping for an audience with Hamidi. Some dressed in western-style suits befitting the urban upper middle class, others in more traditional garb. A handful of the men who showed up worked down the street from the building, while others had traveled for days. Others still had packed snacks or lugged caches of paperwork that had accumulated over the course of their legal battles with venal local politicians, unjust bosses, or bullying neighbors.
The building had been recently renovated to symbolically mark the transition from the previous attorney general, whose tenure had been marred by accusations of corruption. Balustrades were still wet with paint, and workmen were pushing wheelbarrows carrying computers, the building’s first ever.
Inside, Hamidi’s office, packed with visitors, was stifling. His cluttered, expansive desk and the dark mahogany wainscoting gave the room the asphyxiating feel of a winter cabin. Sitting behind the desk, he listened closely, his handsome, wide-open face and striking eyebrows focused on the petitioners. (There were no tea breaks, as Mondays were strictly for business.) A young man asked for his help in settling a family dispute. A woman sought guidance on a sexual harassment suit. A well-kept older woman protested that she had been fired from her job as a low-level civil servant after exposing the office’s internal corruption. A soft-spoken younger prosecutor asked to be transferred to Kabul; her conservative colleagues in the rural east were not amenable to her working there, she said.
Hamidi asked questions and took occasional notes. Many of his visitors betrayed their ignorance of the law, or of the limits of his power. He knew that the uneducated and the poor often faced the steepest disadvantages in the justice system, and were often unable to serve as their own best advocates.
Around mid-morning, a day laborer named Abdul Rahim walked in to see Hamidi, carrying with him a tattered folder crammed with paperwork. He had arrived in Kabul after traveling in a shared taxi for hours from Kapisa, a province some 65 miles away. He’d heard about Hamidi on television, and liked what the big man had to say about curbing the culture of impunity that allowed corruption to fester among the country's elites.
Rahim, who was “approximately 60,” hoped Hamidi could help settle a land dispute that predated even the Taliban regime. The land in question, purchased in 1984, had been taken unlawfully by a powerful, distant cousin, he said. It was now worth $20,000, and he wanted it back. He had followed the official channels, bringing the case before the local court, the appeals court, then the supreme court, all to no avail.
After listening to Rahim, Hamidi handed him a letter that would allow him to restart legal proceedings. “The saranwal, he’s a good guy,” Rahim said, using the Pashtu word for prosecutor. “All the people of Afghanistan would agree with me.”
The hope was that this one-to-one outreach would help Hamidi gain the trust of ordinary Afghans, those exploited by an elite class that has gotten fat off of the aid money that has flooded the country since the U.S.-led invasion in 2001 that ousted the Taliban. But in a country plagued by dysfunctional institutions, the reform approach has its limits. Meanwhile, there is a rising concern that making an enemy of Afghanistan’s most powerful—those who have profited off the war economy—may doom him just as he’s getting started.
Hamidi is a police-academy graduate whose work as a human rights commissioner won him a strong recommendation from President Ashraf Ghani, who, in one of his first official acts, nominated him to lead the attorney general’s office. The parliament confirmed him, by a vote of 200-19. From the beginning, he was feted as a star of Ghani’s reform agenda. Nader Nadery, a senior advisor to the president, told me there were worries over whether he could meet the impossibly high expectations. Then, “when he started bringing the first set of reforms, the president became more and more confident. [Hamidi] would pass by and the president would point to him and tell me, ‘I am proud of him,’” Nadery said.
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Saturday, 11 March 2017

Южная Корея поддержит выращивание сои в ИРА

Представители министерства сельского хозяйства, ирригации и животноводства И.Р. Афганистан подписали меморандум о взаимопонимании с Южной Кореей, связанный с поддержкой культивации сои.
Сеул поделится с Афганистаном новыми прогрессивными технологиями выращивания сои, а также поможет провести необходимые исследования и найти рынки сбыта для готовой продукции.

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Job opportunity for international candidates for the position of Business Development Manager located in Kabul, Afghanistan

1TV Afghanistan is announcing job opportunity for International candidates for the position of Business Development Manager located in Kabul. This vacancy is open for all international candidates. Afghan national are not invited to send their applications.

Post Title: #Business Development Manager
Job Location: Kabul, #Afghanistan
Nationality: International Candidates only
Employment Type: Full Time
Salary: According to the company salary scale
Vacancy Number: 006
No. Of Jobs: 1
Organization: 1TV-Media
Years of Experience At least 5 years of sales or marketing experience
Contract Duration: One year with three-month probation
Gender: Male/Female
Education: Minimum bachelor’s degree in business administration, Sales and Marketing; Masters is preferred
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Afghanistan’s National Priority Plan on Women’s Economic Empowerment

The National Unity Government (NUG) of Afghanistan officially presented the National Priority Plan on Women’s Economic Empowerment to its citizens on Thursday. The plan aims at developing women’s capacity to strengthen their household economies, but also to positively impact Afghanistan’s overall economic development – with female contribution. President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Abdullah Abdullah as well as various representatives of the international community attended the event. Throughout the year 2016, the Afghan Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs & Disabled (MoLSAMD) drafted the National Priority Plan on Women’s Economic Empowerment. The Afghan-German Cooperation’s Open Policy Advisory Fund (OPAF) supported the ministry throughout the process. In more than twelve provinces, participatory workshops were conducted to ensure that the opinions of governmental entities, the private sector and civil society organizations were reflected in the plan. The results of discussions with several ministries in Kabul were taken into account. The National Priority Program on Women’s Economic Empowerment focuses on two fields: On the one hand, it will offer training to women in order to enhance the skills they need to participate in the economy and provide women-owned businesses with start-up technical and financial resources. On the other hand, the program is designed to create an environment that enables economic empowerment of women. Various policy reforms will help achieving this objective. For the implementation of the mentioned vital document there are financial commitments by the International Community as well as by the GIRoA in order to achieve the NPP-WEE main goal. As part of Germany’s cooperation with Afghanistan, the Open Policy Advisory Fund (OPAF) is financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. OPAF provides financing for the flexible deployment of expertise that will enable Afghan institutions to carry out important reforms. In order to promote more efficient, effective and transparent governance, national and international experts support the staff of institutions and at government level in designing or improving processes, strategies and regulations, and in the provision of training.
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Friday, 10 March 2017

Former CEO of the Afghanistan Investment Support Agency (AISA) promotes Afghan mining sector in Canada

The Ministry of Mines and Petroleum (MoMP), the Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MoCI) and the Afghan Embassy in Ottawa promoted the Afghan Mining sector at the world’s leading convention and investor exchange event on mineral exploration and exploitation: the Prospectors & Developers Association of Canada (PDAC). The annual PDAC Convention—the world’s largest industry event—attracted investors, analysts, mining executives, prospectors, geologists, government officials and students. The Trade Show attracts over 900 exhibitors out of the mining and related sectors. More than 22,000 people from 125 countries attended the event. Industry stakeholder and key players’ interests as well as concerns are identified and discussed by governmental representatives, international organisations and private company members. “The mineral exploration and mining industry is cyclical in nature and has faced a variety of economic challenges over the past several years, but optimism has always remained and it’s fantastic to see this being reflected at the PDAC Convention,” a statement from PDAC quotes PDAC President Glenn Mullan, referring to sold out exhibitor space, investor meetings, Short Courses, Mineral Outlook Luncheon, and Awards Gala. “There was an upbeat vibe throughout the convention—a positive sign for the sector going forward.” Attendees learned about best practices showcased by industry experts. For instance, the global economic outlook regarding precious metals or copper were discussed – an information relevant to Afghanistan. Governance and transparency in the mining sector have also been addressed. The necessity of adhering to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) standards was one of the topics. Afghanistan has been applying for full membership of the EITI since 2010. In addition, ideas on how to improve beneficial cooperation between mining industry stakeholders and local communities were discussed. The project “Promoting Good Governance in the Extractive Sector in Afghanistan”, funded by the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), provides strategic support to the MoMP, strengthens its line departments in line with good governance criteria and supports the Afghan Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (AEITI). The project therefore contributes to the Afghan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and the National Extractive Industries Excellence Program (NEIEP) and the Afghan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF). PDAC, in partnership with the World Economic Forum, hosted the International Mines Ministers Summit (IMMS) for the second year, bringing together 25 Ministers responsible for mining from around the world. The event, hosted at BMO, provided an important setting for the global mining community to explore challenges and opportunities affecting the industry. This year’s Summit focused on innovation in the mining industry and the clean innovation agenda. “PDAC is seen as the voice of responsible mineral exploration and mining, not only in Canada but also abroad,” a statement from PDAC quotes PDAC Executive Director Andrew Cheatle. “We must continue to build strong working relationships, both nationally and internationally, and the PDAC Convention is the best opportunity to make these connections and showcase our industry and its importance to social-economic development.”
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